News Updates and Information
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Cut Grapes in half to avoid children choking advise Doctors.
Writing in the journal - The Archives of Disease in Childhood, They warn that grapes are the third most common cause of death among under-fives who die in food-related choking incidents. Read the article in full here
Government Warns of a National Increase of Infection.
Streptococcal infections such as a sore throat (Strep throat) and Impetigo covers a variety of diseases caused by the group of bacteria - Streptococci.
Scarlet fever can sometimes follow a sore throat or skin infection. The scarlet fever rash is caused by the bacteria realising their toxins; making the skin go red. We have received an information sheet from the department of public health. Please read on for more information on symptoms, treatment and preventative measures.
The national guidelines state that children and adults with suspected scarlet fever should be excluded from nursery/school or work for 24 hours after starting appropriate antibiotic treatment.
It takes between 1 - 4 days to develop symptoms after being infected.
Sore Throat: The throat feels sore and there may be fever, headache and enlarged tonsils with pain on swallowing.
Impetigo: The skin lesions consist of blisters and thick yellow-brown crusts, which scab and then fall off leaving no scars. They usually start on the face, around the nose or mouth and may spread to other parts of the body.
Scarlet fever: The symptoms of a sore throat develop and after 12-48 hours, a rash that looks like sunburn (it feels like sandpaper to touch) appears that may start in one place, but soon spreads to other parts of the body; commonly the ears, neck, chest, elbows, inner thighs and groin. It may itch and is usually accompanied by other symptoms such as swollen neck glands, headache, nausea and generally feeling unwell.
There may be flushing of the cheeks and a strawberry coloured tongue.
The rash lasts for six days and then fades. Outer layers of skin (usually hands and feet) may peel for up to six weeks after the rash has faded.
There is no evidence that catching scarlet fever when pregnant will put your baby at risk. However, pregnant women should inform healthcare staff is they are in contact with streptococcal infections around the time of their delivery.
The infections are treatable with antibiotics, usually taken for 10 days. It is important to take the full course prescribed. Most people recover after 4-5 days.
How does it spread
The disease is very contagious and can be caught by:
- Breathing in the bacteria (coughs/sneezes)
- Direct contact with infected persons or persons carrying the bacteria in their nose throat or on the skin.
- Sharing contaminated towels or other linen